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Online Financial Model

We have launched a new service – online calculation of a waste-to-energy project. Please visit our Waste-to-Energy Model page to get immediate results of calculations. You will have calculated:

  • IRR (internal rate of return)
  • ROI (return of investment period)
  • Net Cashflow
  • NPV (net present value)

Definitely, project depends on a number of parameters, and we ask more that 30 questions related to project in Model Input Form. Please fill it out and click on Send button. Form will be submitted to our calculation server and in 10-30 seconds a .pdf file will be shown on this page (or downloaded by your browser). Results of calculations for free are “noised” with some arbitrary coefficients. If you send several times a form with the same values, you will have a number of different results in .pdf files returned.

To get exact calculations, please select “Yes, I need exact results” in “Bill me” field. Shortly you will receive a bill on EUR 599. Upon receipt of the payment, we will send you by email another .pdf file with exact results.

Even test mode, with “noised” coefficients, you can have a general “feeling” of the project and prevent yourself from rough mistakes in estimation of the economic efficiency.

Try online financial model in test mode for free and get first estimation of your waste-to-energy project!

This model supports online calculations for MSW (municipal solid waste) only so far. You can order calculations for almost any type of waste, technology (incineration or pyrolysis), for production of electricity or synthetic fuel. Please fill out the form Project Questionnaire: Waste-to-Energy.

We also have services for wind and solar power projects financial calculations, as well as full-featured “what if” calculation scenarios. Please refer to our Financial Model page.

We can consider also some non-standard approaches like combined credit from 2-3 banks taken on different conditions and interest rates. Or, sculpture debt repayment profile can be implemented. Some times it is needed to attract working capital. All of these custom cases is subject of additional negotiations and time.

The first step is most important, so protect your time and efforts and know for sure what is the real efficiency of your project.

Why NOx reduction is important

Why-NOx-reduction---tableThe EPA (Environmental Protection Agency [ USA ]) and the EEA (the European Environmental Agency) are both in clear agreement, NOx is bad for people’s health.

The European Environment Agency (EEA) estimated that in 2015 over 72,000 premature deaths[1] in the 28 EU member countries were a consequence of NO2 levels in the atmosphere.

But NOx does not only mean NO2. NOx is a shorthand term referring to the oxides of nitrogen. Some of these are formed naturally, but the majority of the oxides that plague our atmosphere in our towns and cities are products of our society, and most notably come from combustion. At the high temperatures found in combustion processes, the nitrogen molecules in the combustion air (N2) are broken into ions, that then react with oxygen molecules (O2) to form oxides of Nitrogen (NO, N2O, NO2…). Of these oxides by far the most common that is formed during combustion is NO (nitric oxide).

As it goes, NO is quite dangerous as it is. Exposure to nitric oxide gas in low concentrations produces an irritating effect on the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, throat and lungs, which can include choking, coughing, headache, nausea and fatigue.

But it does not stop there, The NO molecules react together with UV light and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere. This reaction reduces the size of the VOC molecule and converts the NO to NO2 (Nitrogen Dioxide). NO2 is a particularly nasty air pollutant and causes significant respiratory problems even at the 40 – 100 µg/m3.

The cycle continues as NO2 in the air reacts in the presence of oxygen and UV light to create ozone (O3). The same reaction also converts the NO2 molecule back to NO. The molecule of NO is now free again to find more VOC compounds to repeat the cycle. A typical VOC compound can recycle a molecule of NO multiple times (on average 5) before it ceases to be photo reactive.

The gases that are produced during this cycle; ozone, NO and NO2 all cause respiratory issues, and at elevated levels can rapidly cause direct harm to tissues. NO is relatively harmless below 25ppm, but NO2 concentrations higher than 4ppm will already anaesthetise the nose.

Although Ozone is desired in the stratosphere (the higher levels of our planet’s atmosphere) to help protect us from the effect of UV light, tropospheric ozone (that is ozone in the air that is closest to the earth’s surface) has been and continues to be a significant air pollution problem and is a primary constituent of smog. There is a great deal of evidence to show that ground level ozone can harm lung function and irritate the respiratory system. Exposure to ozone NO and NO2 is linked to premature death, asthma, bronchitis, heart attack, and other cardiopulmonary problems.

What does < 1ppm NOx mean?

The Ener-Core Power Oxidizer technology produces heat and power with less than 1ppm in its exhaust stream. It is the only technology available in the world today that can achieve this ultra-low level of NOx. But what does this actually mean? How big of a difference is this really?

Where does the NOx come from?

The majority of NOx emissions come from 2 major areas of human activity[1]:

  • Traffic: 40%
  • Industrial Energy Use and Energy Production/Distribution: 34%

The move from traditional combustion based energy generation to wind and solar exerts a positive effect on the total emissions from the Energy Generation Sector, but this still remains a minority generation capacity and combustion of fuels will remain with us for some time to come.

Traffic remains and will remain the largest single source of NOx pollution until the combustion engine is phased out and electric cars become the norm. The recent scandal concerning emission level cheating by “certain” car manufacturers has highlighted this issue but the real challenge is the total volume of traffic on the roads and the fact that although the latest emission standards for automobiles might be improving the NOx situation, it is far from being eliminated.

How are governments reacting to the NOx problem?

Despite the high associated costs that these emissions cause, the move to tackle them is slow. In most parts of the world there are no limits on the actual amounts of NOx emitted, either by industry or by individual car emissions. Some parts of California in the USA, are leading the way by setting limits for the number of tons of NOx that a company may emit in a single year, as well as limits on emission concentrations (usually specified in mg of NOx per Nm3 of industrial exhaust), but this is the exception and not the norm.

To Pack Better: Round Bales vs. Square

Comparison: Round Bales vs. Square

A number of bale packing systems for waste are offered on the market. Principal difference is the geometry of the bales; and the common opinion is that square bales provide more dense storage. Let us make comparison and find out what is better.

In practice, an often argument about round bales is that they need more place to be stored than square bales. That’s not the truth. So now let us explain why.

Because of the risk to damage the film during transportation by wheel loader, square bales have to be stored with a certain space between each other. Further, at the edges of a square bale the film is stretched extremely, so it is cracking as a result of overstressing.

The edges of square bales are normally less compacted than the rest of the bale because during process of wrapping they get dented. That means, that also square bale storages bring out hollow spaces which are comparable with the volume of a round bale storage. But BPS-2 round bales have a twice as much volume, so in comparison to square bale storages there are less bales and therefore less hollow spaces. In the end, with same floor area around bale storage picks up more wrapped waste than a square bale storage.

The shape of round bales leads to a trigonal shaped hollow space between each other. In comparison to stored square bales, these hollow spaces mean an advantage for stacking and taking bales from the storage by use of a gripping device. They give enough space to absorb the round bales without damaging the film. Further, the round bale shape brings the positive effect that the bales are stored side by side without gaps in between. That provides a stable erection of the bale storage.

Round-bales-2

WTEI Project Portfolio

WTEI Project Portfolio

Waste to Energy International has extensive WTEI Project Portfolio. It represents waste-to-energy plants, recycling and sorting facilities, landfills. All of these enterprises were developed, designed, and constructed by our team.

WTEI Project Portfolio - Plant 4 Moscow

Please visit Project Portfolio page on our site to look at:

Waste to Energy Plants

  • Municipal solid waste thermal treatment plant 2, Moscow
  • Medical waste thermal treatment plant “Ecolog”
  • Municipal solid waste thermal treatment plant 4, Moscow
  • Hazardous industrial waste thermal treatment plant “Ugreshka”

Recyclables Processing Facilities

  • PET Processing Facility “Rudnevo”, Moscow
  • PET Processing Facility “Kotlyakovo”, Moscow

Construction and Rehabilitation of Landfills

  • Landfill “Iksha”
  • Landfill “Khmet’evo”
  • Landfill “Salar’evo”
  • Landfill “Sosenki”

Advanced Pyrolysis Plants

Plants shown there are constructed by our technological partner, producer of ENCORE advanced pyrolysis technology.

Cost of incineration plant

Development of waste-to-energy facilities encounters a number of problems, and one of the biggest among them is the price. There are so many fairy tales about this business, so many fantastic technologies offered at very low prices, that it creates wrong expectations of clients concerning price level. A client should recognize average price level in industry before commencing the project.

Recently, we showed that there is no other reference point for any waste-to-energy technology except incineration plant, since it is most prevalent and approved thermal treatment technology in the world so far, do you like it or not. Every newly developed facility should be compared with price of incineration plant with similar capacity. But what is the price level of incineration and how does it change with capacity?

Basing on our construction experience and contacts with world top producers, we consider that price of incineration plant is well described by quite recent independent research, which abstract can also be downloaded in pdf from our site. It contains the following empiric formula:

I = 2.3507×C0.7753,
where I is the investment cost in million dollars and C is the plant capacity (1000 metric tons of waste/year).

CAPEX-of-incineration-plant

According to the formula, cost of 40,000 tpa plant is $41 mio, or $1,026 per ton of annual capacity. Medium-sized 250,000 tpa plant should cost $169 mio, or $680 per ton of annual capacity. These numbers give us first estimation of how much waste-to-energy is, and, what is more important, quite adequate dependence of CAPEX per ton of annual capacity on the capacity by itself (blue curve).

We should understand that the formula discussed relates to municipal solid waste (MSW) to electricity plants and can vary depending on the technology implemented – it could be burning on grate or on fluidized bed. Hazardous medical and industrial waste processing costs significantly more, requires rotary kiln technology for big volumes and even more sophisticated flue gas cleaning systems.

There is a lot of talking on the market concerning the price of waste-to-energy facilities, and a number of companies making an attractive offers, but they all have one problem – nothing works. Client should ask low-cost bidders to show what do they have under commercial operation. And upon the predictable answer, return to commercially approved technologies. No matter what is it: pyrolysis, gasification, incineration or plasma treatment – price deviation from the above will be no more than +-50%.

It is the market. No miracles here.

Why incineration?

Nowadays world market offers a number of technologies to recover energy from waste. Some of them are popular as pyrolysis, gasification or plasma treatment. Another as incineration are often treated as outdated and even discarded.

In our daily activity, we encounter a number of common delusions concerning incineration, which lead to total misunderstanding of prevalence and roles of modern waste-to-energy technologies. That is why we think it is needed to comment the current situation.

The map below shows quantities of waste-to-energy plants in Europe (blue numbers) and amounts of waste in million ton being annually incinerated (red numbers).

cewep-eu_map_2013-p60

 

WTEI unveils new representative office to support motorsport

Waste to Energy International have opened new representative office in Moscow solely oriented on support of motorsport in Russia. Company named Motorsport Components will supply special oils for engine and transmission of racing cars, brake pads, precise telemetry systems and sophisticated spare parts which cannot be found in stock.

MSC-Homepage

 

First agreements are concluded with Millers Oils and Motul – for the full spectrum of sport-related lubricants to care the moving parts working at the edge of possibilities. Some of oils offered are produced using nano-technologies of the future.

As official partner of Russian distributor of CL-Brakes (Carbone Lorraine), Motorsport Components offers wide set of brake pads for Subaru, Mitsubishi, Porsche and others. Brake calipers by AP-Racing are also available in Internet-shop.

Telemetry systems, famous VBOX in-car video cameras, performance meters and lap timers by Racelogic are featured in dedicated section of Motorsport Components’ site. By the agreement, our representative office has rights to sell and market the Racelogic equipment for Russian racing teams.

The list of official producers is constantly growing to provide approved world-known solutions for motorsport.

Visit Motorsport Components site to know more about components technically described and available in Internet-shop or – if you need it – to make an order on special authentic parts for racing cars. We are here to serve your driving passion!

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Subaru Team Russia Winter Cup 2015 has been started with WTEI support

New Winter – New Winter Cup season!

December 27 was a kick-off date for first event of motorsport rally contest SUBARU TEAM RUSSIA Winter Cup 2015 supported by Waste to Energy International, Carbon Factory, Atomic Shop, Kramar Motorsport and Service station «Plyeada». 34 Competitors took participation in the event, each ready to compete against its main rival – the time.

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The history of Winter Cup

Starting from 2012 STi-Club team of friends holds a winter cup for rally sprints. From year to year list of competitors expands with new names, regulations are transformed and new tracks are becoming available for winter cup participants. Quite many different organizers are ready to hold sporting events in snowy winter; however all of them are carried out only in “sprint” format. STi-Club has attempted to bring competitors to professional rally format as much as possible. In 2013-2014 season there were stages of rally “Rostov Velikiy” and rally “Peno” introduced in Subaru Team Russia Winter Cup calendar, which are held on special stages of Russian Rally Championship and Russian Rally Cup. New season is no exception. STi-Club organizers have scheduled 8 stages, including Zelenograd, Rostov Velikiy, Ramenskoe, Peno, Konakovo River Club, Dmitrovsky proving ground. Winter Cup final is expected to take place on March, 7-8 2015.

Waste to Energy International to lauch video channel on Youtube

sub-youtube-channel

A number of pages on our site is illustrated by videos, showing mostly equipment in action. You can find many videos in Virtus Equipment section with shredders, granulators, briquetters and compactors chewing variety of materials. Outstanding Ener-Core technology for converting previously unusable methane gases to electricity features very professional whiteboard video simply explaining the basics of the process and power station configuration. Our streamline advanced pyrolysis ENCORE technology also leaves no doubts in it after watching the real video on converting municipal solid waste (MSW) to electricity.

So we decided to place all our videos to Waste to Energy International YouTube channel. Watch it, subscribe to it, share it! The right question is – why to subscribe?

Sometimes we have additional video materials for products not presented on site yet. For example, at the moment of publication, we have Hammer Mill video presentation. This product is available for purchase but still not properly described on site.

Another reason is to watch our minor but curious videos presented in Playlists. So far we have Best of the Web in 2014 compilation and, what is more important, rally racing relating Playlists. Watch the Subaru Team Russia Winter Cup 2015 announcement. This Cup is supported by Waste to Energy International (WTEI ), what is reflected in our news.

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If you are rally racing and/or Subaru fan, it is good to know that we will keep you updated with fascinating videos about dramatic winter rally racing season in Russia. Stay tuned for professional waste management videos and magical movies of the most scenery sport!